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坠机幕后:波音(BA.US)与空客的龟兔赛跑

2019-03-17     牛牛财经   来源:
文章摘要:本文来自钛禾产业观察,作者:刘爱国。两场空难背后的深层次原因,是波音、空客两大巨头之间的龟兔赛跑游戏。五个月,连续两起空难,346条生命。波音这一次无论如何不能淡定了。这不是波音第一次面临如此重大危机。对于一个产品出口全球的民用飞机制造商来….

benwenlaizitaihechanyeguancha,作zuozhe:刘liuaiguo

liangchangkongnanbeihoudeshencengciyuanyin,是shiboyin、空kongkeliangdajutouzhijiandeguitusaipaoyouxi

wugeyue,连lianxuliangqikongnan,346条tiaoshengming。波boyinzheyiciwulunruhebunengdandingliao

zhebushiboyindiyicimianlinrucizhongdaweiji。对duiyuyigechanpinchukouquanqiudeminyongfeijizhizaoshanglaishuo,安anquanshizuidademingmen。每meiyicianquanshigu,都duxiangdangyuzainaomenshangdingzhuoyizhishangtangdeshouqiang,随suishikenengkouxiangbanji

yuyixierenweishigubutong,这zheciaihangkongnanhewugeyueqianshihangkongnandezhujiao,不bushinianjiushixiudejixing,恰qiaqiashiboyinzuixinxinghaodezhaitikeji——波boyin737MAX。同tongyixinghao,连lianxuliangcidekongnan,让rangyulunzaishiguzhengshijiandingbaogaochujuzhiqian,就jiujihuyizhidudingderenwei,这zhebingfeiouranshijian,也yefeirenweiyinsu

weiliaobangzhuboyinhuajieweiji,3月yue12日rixiawu,美meiguoyunshubuchangzhaoxiaolan,亲qinzizuoshangyijia737MAX,从congdekesasizhoudeaosidingfeihuihuashengdun

rangtangtangyunshubuchangmaozhuo“生shengmingweixian”,亲qinzichumagongguan。这zheyechengweicicikongnanshijianhoudeyidaqiguan。对duiyumeiguoxiangdangyibufenzhengkelaishuo,美meiguobunengmeiyouboyin。这zhegechengqimeiguohangkonggongyebanbijiangshandejutouyidandaoxia,几jihuyiweizhuo美股zhizhu”的dedaodiao

jinjinjigexiaoshihou,特telangpu便bianqinzichushoudalian,宣xuanbujiangjinfeisuoyou737MAX8和he737MAX9型xingfeiji。这zhegebuanchanglichupaidezongtongguanjianshike“大dayimieqin”,让rangshijieyulunzaicihuaran

wulunmeiguozhengtandefeizaojuruheshangyan,波boyingongsiruhefenshitaiping,依yiranyangaibuliaolianxuzhuijideshishi。不bulunzuihoudejiandingjieguoruhe,事shihourengranjiancheng737 MAX“足zugouanquan”的deboyingongsi,这zheyiciyebudebumianduiquanshijiedekaowen

womenzixichayueboyingongsidechanpinshi,这zheliangchangyi346条tiaoshengmingweidaijiadekongnanbeihou,其qishizaoyouhuogenmaixia

1 被beipoyingzhan

2016年nian1月yue29日ri,波boyinzuixinyidaide737改gaijinxing——波boyin737MAX首shoufei。波boyinminyongfeijijituanzongcaijianshouxizhixingguanleimengde·康kangnaduimeitixingfendexuancheng

“737 MAX今jintiandeshoufeidaizhuowomenkuayueliaoyigexindechuangxinshijidemenjian,正zhengshiyoutongyangdejiqinghechuangzaoliqudongdechuangxinjingshenrangwomengongsiyongyouliaochenggongdebainianlishi。我womenfeichangzihaokeyikaishizhezhongjixingdeshifei,它tajiangxiangdantongdaoshichangkehutigongqiansuoweiyouderanyouxiaolv。”

raner,激jiqingyangyidegongguancilingbeihou,掩yangaibuzhuboyin737MAX开kaifadezhenshineimu——这zhejinjinshiyikuanjiupingzhuangxinjiudeguoduchanpin

shoufeiyu1967年niandeboyin737窄zhaitikeji,曾zengjingchengqiboyindiguodeyibantiankong。截jiezhi2018年niandi,737系xiliegongjishengchanchaoguo10000架jia,并bingrengyouchaoguo5000架jiadedingdandengdaijiaofu。成chengweishijieminhangshishangzuichenggongdezhaitikejixiliezhiyi

zaoqideboyin737-100型xingfeiji

zhekuanfengmiquanqiubangeshijidefeiji,早zaoqibingbusuanchenggong。其qituichudediyigexinghao737-100仅jinjinshengchanliao30余yujia。1970年nian,虽suiranganggangtuichugaijinxinghao737-200,且qiechubudakaishichangxiaolu,但danyouyuzijinkuifa,波boyingongsishenzhirenzhenkaolvguoba737项xiangmuzhengtidabaomaigeiribenren

rihoudefazhanquechuhusuoyourendeyiliao,737-200的detuichu,以yijihouxuluxutuichudegaijinban737-300、737-500等denghuodeliaokongqiandedingdan,最zuizhongwanjiuliaoboyindemingyun,并bingweiqichengweiquanqiuminyonghangkongyelaodalixiahanmagonglao

changdaotiantoudeboyinren,痴chimiyudui737的degaijin,共gongjifazhanchu14个gexinghao。到daoqizuihouyigegaijinxinghao——波boyin737MAX首shoufeizhishi,已yijingzhengzhengkuayue49个geniantou

erboyintuichu737系xiliedezhongjimogaiban——737MAX的dezhijiebeijing,是shiqizhuyaoduishou——空kongkeA320neo的dehengkongchushi

suirantongyangshilaojixingdegaijinban,但danshoufeiyu1987年nian2月yue22日rideA320,比biboyin737系xiliezhengzhengnianqing20岁sui。从congpingtaishejizhichu,便bianlvxiancaiyongshuzidianchuancaozongfeixingkongzhixitong。而erbishiyingzhanA320的deboyin737NG系xilie,仍rengrancaiyongjixie+液yeyazhulicaozongfeikongxitong

2011年nian,尚shangweimianshidekongkeA320neo,一yijingtuichu便bianhuodeliao1200架jiadingdan,甚shenzhizhijiejiangzhanhuoshaodaoliaoboyindelaojia——美meiguobentu。A320neo的dehengkongchushi,打daluanliaoboyinrendezhenjiao

kongzhongkechetuichudeA320neo,于yu2014年nian9月yue26日rishoufei

shirenCEO吉jimu·麦maikenanilingdaodeboyingongsi,彼bishijiangzhuyaojinglijujiaozaikuantikejiboyin787的deyanfashang。波boyinrenxiwangyiguzuoqi,在zaikuantikejilingyu,打dapoboyin767与yukongkeA330竞jingzhengbulidejumian

zhiyuzhaitikejilingyu,实shizaiwuxiaguji。波boyingongsineibuzhengzaiweijixugaijin737机jixing,还huanshigancuilingqiluzao,研yanfaquanxinjixingzhenglunbuxiu

ruguolingqiluzao,设shejiquanxinjixing,需xuyaoweicizhongjianshejishengchantixi,人renlihezijintourujuda。而erjixumogai737系xilie,这zhekuanlaofeijidaodihuanshengduoshaoqianlikeyizhaqu

mianduiA320neo的delaishixiongxiong,被beidongyingzhandeboyinjingguoliangnianjiujie,最zuizhongxuanzeliaofangqixinjixing,转zhuanertuichugailiangjixing737 MAX的dejueding

“未weilaishinian,将jiangbuhuiyouxinjixingchuxian”。

2011年nian9月yue,波boyinminyongfeijijituanchanpinhefuwushichangfuzongcailandi·廷tingsaisimianduimeitishuo

“在zaiweilaijinian,我womenyuce737 MAX不bujinjiangganshangwomendejingzhengduishou,同tongshihuanhuichaoguowomendejingzhengduishou。”

zheweiboyingaoguan,虽suiranzuishangrengranjianchengboyin737系xiliehuanweilaomai,还huannengyanxutadechuanqi。但danrihou737MAX改gaizhuangdeshishizhengming,波boyin737这zhegejiuping,几jihuyijingdaodazhuangjiudejixian

tongyangshichuanqijuxing,让rang49岁suidelaoqiaodan,对duijue29岁suidedianfengkebi,也yezhudingjianghuichili

2 龟guitusaipao

jutouzhijiandejingzhengchangchangruciqimiao。在zaizhaitikejideyanfashang,波boyinshaoweidaliaoyigedun,立likebeikongkeshuaikaibangeshenwei

kongketongyangyoudadundeshihou。此ciqianjiangdaliangjinglitouruA380研yanfadeouzhouren,企qitupingjiezhekuanjuwubafeijidetuichu,一yizhandingqiankun,并bingweijiangboyin787放fangzaiyanli,直zhidaoA380遭zaoyuhuatielu,才caifanyingguolaiboyinrendeweixie,只zhinengtuichuA350仓cangcuyingzhan

bufushudeboyinren,这zheyicimaozuliaojin,誓shiyaojiangboyin737系xiliezhachuzuidadeshengyujiazhi

zaiboyin737MAX问wenshihouputiangaididexuanchuanli,反fanfuqiangdiaodeyigeduibiaoyoushijiushishengyou。在zaishengyoudetongshi,还huanyaobaochifadongjidedagonglv,才caikeyibaozhenggengyuandehangchenghejingjixing。这zhejiuyiweizhuofadongjidezhijingyaozuodebiyiqiangengda

zhejiudailaiyixilieliansuowenti。由youyuboyin737主zhutijixingtailao,或huoxuwenshizhichucongweixiangdaoweilaihuiguazairucidadefadongji,原yuanxingjisheji“太taiai”成chengweiyingshang。加jiadahaodexinxingfadongjiguazaizaijiyixiafangshilidimiantaijin,会huiyingxiangdaofeijianquan

ruoshicongfeijiwaixinggaidongxiashoubutaixianshi,外waixingdexiugaikenengzaochengfeijizhongxindebianhua,还huanburuzhongxinshejixindefeiji。最zuihouzhinengcongfadongjishejishangxunzhaotuoxie——将jiangfadongjixia沿yanxiaodiaoyikuai,同tongshijiangqianqiluojiaqianyibingjiagao

737MAX修xiugaifadongjibingbushiweiliaowaiguankuxuanershipoyuwunai

weiliaoshiyingdakoujingfadongjideguazaifadongjixia沿yanbeixiaodiaoyikuai,变bianchengbuguizexingzhuang

zhejiuzaochengyigetaitoulijudexinwenti,飞feijiji使shizaipingfeiguochengzhong,也yezongshi“上shangqiao”。于yushiboyinbudeyizengjialiaoyigeMCAS系xitong——系xitongzaiganzhirendingyingjiaoguogaoshi,将jiangyoukenengyueguofeixingyuandekongzhi,强qiangxingcaozongshengjiangduo

ercongjihusuoyoudeyulunfenxilaikan,两liangcishigudebeihoudewentigenyuan,都duzhizhizhegejushuoshiyindurenbianxiedeMCAS系xitong。说shuodaodijiushiyigewenti:关guanjianshikedaodigaixiangxinren,还huanshixiangxinjiqi。很henxianran,波boyinzai737MAX上shangxuanzeliaoqingxiangyuhouzhe。这zhegeyuanbenzhiwangjiumingdexitong,在zaiguanjianshikebianchengliaoyaomingdexitong

zaoqideboyin737,基jibencaiyongjixie+钢gangsuokongzhifeiji,由youyucaozuojiandan,没meiyoutaiduozidonghuashebei,反faneranquanxinggao。而errihouzaiyukongkedejingzhengzhong,波boyin737系xiliebuduan“创chuangxinqiubian”,给geizijibuduandiejiadianzikongzhigongneng,演yanbianchengweisuoweide“混hunheshikongzhi”。这zhezhongbulunbuleidesheji,成chengweiliangcizhuijidemuhoushashou

wuguishengguotuzidemijue,在zaiyuwenbuqianjin,等dengzhuotuzizongyoudadundeshihou。若ruoshiyingyaogeizijizhuangshangmada,大dagailvhuifanliaoche

yibalaogutou,硬yingyaopeishanggaokeji。这zherangmaozuliaojinyukongkebaishouwandeboyin,最zuizhongcaifanliaopinghengmu,倒daozailiaozijidemaojinxia

3 空kongkewangshi

congshijiefanweilaikan,空kongkeA320neo的deanquanyunxingjiluqueshiyouyuboyin737MAX。这zhegebiboyin737年nianqing20岁suideA320系xilie,从congdanshengzhichu便biancaiyongliaoxindeshejilinian

yishilvxiancaiyongliaoshuzidianchuanfeikongxitong。这zhetaoyishuzidianchuanweizhu、人rengongganyuweifuzhudefeikongxitongjingguo20多duoniandewanshangengxin,到daoA320neo运yunxingshiyijingshifenchengshuwending。而erfanguan737系xilie,则zexiangdangyuzaijixiefeikongdequganshang,强qiangjiashuzidianchuanfeikong,出chuxianwentishizaiyicengcengdabuding,最zuizhongzaochengliaoxitongdeshiheng

ershiA320平pingtaicongyuanshishejikaishi,就jiuyouyishidetaigaoliaojishenheqiluojia。为weiweilaihuanzhuanggengdazhijingdefadongjiyuliuliaozugoudekongjian。737MAX虽suiranyinweifeikongxitongdeyuanyinzhuihui,但dangenbenyuanyinhuanshiyouyulaoshidejishensheji,不buzuyirongnadazhijingdefadongji,强qiangjiagaizhuang,导daozhiqianyifadongquanshen,破pohuailiaozhengtidepingheng

A320neo没meiyoufadongjiliditaijindewenti

yebuyongxiugaifadongjiwaixing

danshi,737MAX的dewentisuiranbaolu,也yebingbuyiweizhuokongkedefeijiyidingbiboyinanquan。相xiangfan,率lvxianzaishuzidianchuanfeikongshangchipangxiedekongkeA320,刚ganggangtuichuzhishiyelijingduocishigu,在zaiyijiajiashuaijidecantongjiaoxunzhong,才caihuanlailiaorujinA320neo的dewendinganquan

1988年nian6月yue26日ri,法fahangAF-296号haohangbanliangxianghangzhan,这zhejiafuyijinliangtiandeA320-100型xingkeji,是shikongkeA320系xiliefeijideshoucigongkaifeixing

kongzhongkechegongsiyuanjihuajiezhuhangzhan,来laixiangshirenzhanshiA320的dexianjinxingneng。没meixiangdaoyichangshixianbuzhihaodegongguanxiu,却quebianchengyichangpapadaliandemiedingzainan

zhechanghangkongshishangdezhumingkongnan,至zhijinrengzhengyibuduan。但danyuzhuihuideboyin737MAX类leisi,事shiguyuanyinyeyudangshihaochengxianjindexinxingshuzidianchuanfeikongxitongmibukefen

shigudedazhiguochengshi:飞feixingjingyanfengfudefahangjichangmixieer˙阿asalin,为weiliaozhanshixinjidianchuanxitongfangshisuxiaoguo,在zaitiaojianbingbuchengshudehashamujichangwanliaoyicidikongdisutongchang。结jieguoyouyuxitongyurengongdepeihechuliaowenti,触chufaliaokongkedezidongshisubaohumoshi,系xitongwushirengongganyu,强qiangxingyadijitouerdaozhizhuiji

zhuihuizaipaodaojintoushulinzhongdeAF-296航hangban

youyuzhengzhihangzhan,此cicishiguyongyouwanzhengdeguochengluxiang,还huanbeishoulujinguojiadilipindaodezainanjilupian——《空kongzhonghaojie》,成chengweirenleikongnanshishangyicizhumingde“人renjiduikang”事shijian

fahangAF-296事shiguhoudediaochagengshiboguiyunjue。颜yanmiansaodidefaguozhengfu,建jianliliaoyoufaguohangkongshigudiaochaju(BEA),法faguohangkonggongsihekongzhongkechegongsisanfangzujiandelianhediaochazu,公gongbudediaochajieguojiangzhuyaoyuanyinguijiuyujichangderenweishushi

buyuanyibeiguodeasalinjichang,提tichuliaoruoganyidianbingjinxingfanbo,其qizhongzuizhongyaodeyitiao,直zhizhiheixiazineirongyisizaodaocuangai。但danzuizhongdefalvsusongjieguo,仍rengrananzhaofaguodangjudeyiyuanzaizou

jichangasalinhefujiashimaziye、两lianggefahangzhuguanhezanzhuhangkongzhandefeixingjulebuzhuxibeizhikongwusha。所suoyou5人renbeipanyouzui。机jichangasalinbeipanchu10个geyuetuxing。事shihou,阿asalinbiaoshiduicipanjuebufu,并bingchengjiangjixushangsuyizhengshizijideqingbai

zaifaguozhengfudebihuxia,空kongkegongsiyimianjianjuebuchengrenxitongyouloudong,一yimianjinjitingchanyiyoudeA320-100型xing,升shengjihuandaichengweiA320-200型xing,而erbianhuajinjinshi“增zengdaliaoyidianyouxiang,增zengjiayidianhangcheng”而eryi

chuchumaolu便bianzaodangtoubanghe,这zhecishijianrangkongkeA320几jihuzaoyumiedingzhizai。然raner,在zaifaguozhengfuyukongkegongsiyiciciqiaomiaodezhouxuanzhihou,这zhejiaxiangzheng“欧ouzhoufuxing”的debiaozhixingqiyezuizhongfengxionghuaji,在zairihoujicileisideshiguhouyiranyilibudao。日rizhenchengshudeA320系xilie,也yezuizhongzhanwenjiaogen,成chengweiyuboyin737系xiliefentingkanglidechangxiaojixing

fankairenleidehangkongfazhanshi,一yixiangxianjinjishudeyingyongyuchengshu,常changchangbansuizhuoxianxueheshengmingdedaijia

4 双shuangtoulongduan

shihangheaihangzhuijihou,人renmenfaxian,波boyingongsidechulifangshi,与yu30年nianqiandefahangAF-296事shijianjingranrucishensi

yimianfuyantui诿wei、拒jubuchengrenwenti,借jiezhuzhengfubeijingqiangligongguan,一yimianqiaoqiaoxiuzhengcuowu,几jihuyijingchengweijicianquanshiguhou,两liangdajutoudebiaozhunchulitaolu

jumeilianshe3月yue13日ribaodao,两liangjianquniantijiaomeiguoguojiahangkonghangtianju(NASA)的defeixingyuanbaogaozhong,都dushengchengboyin737MAX自zidongjiashixitongcunzaiwenti。而ermianduizheyiwenti,波boyingongsizaihangbanshishiqianxianranxuanzeliaoyinman

boyinde“黑heilishi”不bujinjinshixianggongzhongyinmanzhenxiang,对duitadeyonghu,也yelvlvyouguoyinman

1965年nian,波boyinkaishikaifa747。开kaifaboyin747的deguanjianzhiyishifadongji,在zaixiangtongyongdianqiheyingguoluoersi.罗luoyisigongsixunqiufadongjigongyingweiguohou,波boyinzhuanxiangpuhuigongsi。由youyujitipangda,普puhuigongsizaikaifafadongjiguochengzhongkunnanzhongzhong,要yaoqiuyanqi。波boyinbutongyi,逼bipopuhuicongxianyoufadongjizhongjichugengduodedongli,结jieguodaozhifadongjiguorehechaozhong。1969年nianboyin747试shifeiguochengzhong,使shiyongliao87台taifadongji,其qizhongwanquanbaofeiliao60台tai。但danboyinxiangyonghuyinmanliaozhenxiang,直zhizhihoulaiyunyingchengbendazengdefanmeihangkonggongsixuanchengqisuboyin,并bingpo使shiboyinmeijiafeijijiangjia500万wan美元siliao。这zheqijian,波boyinyinbunenganshijiaofufeijichadianpochan。直zhidao1970年niandaizhongqihou,普puhuigongsicaijiejueliaofadongjidewenti,历lijingjin10年nianmonandeboyin747从congcixiongbaguojihang线xian,在zai1980年niandaiyoukaifaliao757和he767。1996年nian12月yue,波boyinjianbingliaohangkongyezengjingdelaodamaidaogongsi

yishangzheduanchennianwangshi,摘zhailuzidangnianzhongguolunzhengdafeijishiqihenyoumingdeyipianbaogao,作zuozhelufeng,北beijingdaxuezhengfuguanlixueyuanzhengzhijingjixuexijiaoshou,博boshishengdaoshi。这zhepianfabiaoyu2005年niande《中zhongguodaxingfeijifazhanzhanlueyanjiubaogao》,在zaidangshibingbufadadehulianwangshangliuchuanshen广guang,引yinqiliaorenmenduiguochandafeijidejidaguanzhu,直zhidaojintianrengchangbeiyeneirenshitiji

zaizhengfuzhichixiadehangkongguatou,正zhengshiyinweilongduanshichang,用yonghumeiyoubiedexuanze,才caikeyisiwujidandijiantayonghuhegongzhongdezhiqingquan

aihangshijianfashenghou,有youmeitirenwei,双shuangguatoulongduandeshichang,导daozhiliangjiaxingchengjingzhengmoqi,携xieshouzhuizhulirun,成chengweijishufazhandezuidazhigu

telangpushangtaihou,也yezengbuzhiyicidedayaboyingongsi。甚shenzhizai2016年nian,因yinweikongjunyihaojianzaochengbenguogaodewenti,直zhijiezaituiteshangtongpiboyingongsi。埃aihangshijianhou,特telangpuyexuanzeliaoteliduxing,顶dingzhuohuaerjiedeyali,亲qinzijiaotingliangkuanjixing

1996年nian,波boyinjianbingmaidaohou,国guojishangyongfeijishichangzhujianxingchengliaoboyinkongkeshuangguatoudegeju。经jinglisulianjietideeluosiren,此cishiyibuzaiyounengliyuoumeijutoukangheng。据ju《福fubusi》今jinnian2月yuedebaodao,波boyinhekongkemuqiangezhanjuquanqiu43%和he45%的deshichangfene

shangyeshidechelungungunxiangqian,旧jiushilihezonglianheng,新xinshilihushidandan。世shijieshangyongfeijishichang,急jixuyaoxinxianxueyedejiaru

erfangyanquanqiu,目muqianzaitongleixingzhaitikejishichang,能nengyuboyin737MAX、空kongkeA320neo对duibiao,并bingyouwangchengweiqijingzhengduishoude,只zhiyoushangzaishifeijieduandezhongguoC919。

zhekuanshoufeiyu2017年niandeguochandafeiji,有youqixiantiandeyoushi

bijingshiyikuanbiboyin737年nianqing50岁sui,比bikongkeA320年nianqing20岁suidexinjixing,很henduoqianrendejiaoxunkeyijiqu,走zouguodewanlukeyibimian。且qierujindeshuzihua、自zidonghuajishudechengshuduyuanfei20世shiji80年niandaikebi。以yishangtiaojian,完wanquankeyirangC919从congdanshengkaishi,就jiuzhanzaiyigegenggaodeqidianshang

raner,市shichangdedanyourengrancunzai,毕bijingshizhongguorenzizhusheji、自zizhujianzaodediyikuanguochandaxingshangyongfeiji。对duiyuminhangkejijiqifuzadexitongjichenghegongyi,中zhongguorendaodinengyoujichengbawo?成chengweirenmenzuiguanzhudeyigehuati

duiyuzhongguorenlaishuo,这zheyibuchizaoduyaomaichu。这zheyijingbuzhishiyigeminzudemengxiang,也yeshishijiehangkongshichangdexianshixuyao。中zhongguorenzaidafeijitansuojinchengshang,曾zengjingliguoyun10下xiamadecantongjiaoxun,也yeyouARJ21支zhi线xiankejidejingyanjilei。至zhiyuC919这zhexiangzhengdaguofuxingdezhongyaoyibu,迈maideshifoujianshi,一yiqieduzhinengjiaogeishijianheshishilaishuohua

5 尾weisheng:祭jidian

shihangyuaihangkongnanbeihou,科kejiyurendeguanxi,成chengweirenmenxixubuyideyigehuati。我womenzaidaonianshizheanxidetongshi,也yexuyaocongzishenjiaodushenkefansi

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jiashichujiao-6飞feijidewaiguofeixingaihaozhe

dangran,这zhekuanzhinengnalaixunlianxinshouhuoyongyufeixingbiaoyandexiaofeiji,不buluncongshushixing、载zaikeliang、飞feixingsuduhefeixinggaodushang,都duyuanyuanwufahexianzaidexinxingshangyongkejixiangtibinglun

zhejiuxingchengliaoyigebeilun——我womensuozhuiqiudejishuxianjinxing,是shifouyushangyejingjixing、安anquankekaoxingfashengzhuobirandechongtu?在zairenleibuduanchaoyueziwo,向xiangyigegekejigaodimaijindeguochengzhong,鱼yuyuxiongzhangshifoukeyijiande

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boyinzhuiluodebeihou,除chuliaojishuyuanyin,还huanyouzibendetanlanzaiyinyinzuosui。346条tiaowugudeshengming,用yongxianxuexiexiarenleihangkongshishangchenzhongdeyiye。航hangkongjutouzhijiandeguitusaipaoyouxihuanhuiyanxu,对duiyuputongrenlaishuo,谁shuishushuiyingbingbuzhongyao,我womenzhishixiwang,未weilaizheyangdebeijukeyijinliangbimian

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